Józef Che³moński (1849 - 1914) -A painter realist and a leading representative of the Warsaw artistic community in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. One of the greatest Polish landscape artists, an incomparable master of paintings with animalistic motifs - especially horses in motion. He was the creator of colour scenes of the life of Polish and Ukrainian villages. A student of Wojciech Gerson and the Munich Academy of Fine Arts, he spent twelve years in Paris, where he exhibited in official showrooms and was very successful. After returning to Poland he settled in a small estate in Kuklówka in Mazovia, where he undertook his studies, again of nature, creating silenced and deep landscapes, sometimes varied with animal and bird silhouettes, often with symbolic meaning.